Have you heard about CBD oil? Cannabis Plant is the source of CBD oil. While it is legal in some US states, it has many benefits for which it has gained popularity across the US. Marijuana contains two significant components CBD and THC. Here lies the answer for those of you who might be wondering whether CBD oil is addictive or not. While THC might make a person ‘high’, that is not the case with CBD. When someone smokes marijuana or uses it in edibles, the THC breaks down on heat application and creates a psychological effect. The latter is not at all psycho-addictive. CBD does not alter the state of mind as THC does. However, it can produce suitable changes in your body. To meet the FDA legal criteria, Hemp plants that contain only 0.3% THC should only be used to make CBD oil or any other CBD products. Now that you know that CBD oil is not addictive, here is a CBD Oil Benefits List that you can look into. How it is made, is what we will look at first.
How is CBD Oil Made?
There are a lot of procedures present to extract CBD oil from a cannabis plant. These methods are:
Using Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
This is one of the most popular methods to extract CBD oil from a hemp plant. You will need to use CO2 along with a closed-loop extractor to move ahead. CO2 has a unique chemical property that allows it to function in all three states solid, gaseous, and liquid states. Thus in the second chamber, where cannabis matter is present, is filled with a solid form of carbon dioxide. The chamber is set at high pressure, and therefore, it converts into a liquid state. This is essential as it helps the CO2 absorb all the properties ( i.e., oil and flavor) of the cannabis material. The next step is to move to a third chamber, where the carbon dioxide changes from a liquid to a gaseous state. Thus, it leaves behind the oil during this process, and that is the CBD oil that you need.
If you want to get high-quality CBD oil, Winterisation is the ideal process to do so. It helps you to remove all kinds of unwanted elements from the CBD oil. Prepare a mixture of the oil and 200-proof alcohol. The mixture is kept for freezing for a night. The next morning, it passes through a fine filter where all the unwanted elements are removed. The oil is boiled the filtering process is completed. It will help the alcohol to evaporate, and you will be left with pure CBD oil.
Using Oil Infusion
One of the oldest procedures to extract CBD oil, oil infusion, is still used by many people at home. The first step is to decarboxylate the cannabis material. This means that you need to heat the plant to a specific temperature. It will help you to activate certain kinds of compounds. You then add olive oil to the material and start heating it again. Make sure that you heat it for 1- 2 hours at 100 degrees Celsius. However, there is a vast disadvantage in using this procedure. Since one cannot get the oil evaporated, there would be a lot more oil in the final product.
Using Liquid Solvents
It is one of the cheapest methods to extract CBD oil. It is similar to the Carbon Dioxide extraction process. But, instead of liquid CO2, other kinds of liquid solvents are used. Unlike carbon dioxide, these solvents are found mostly in a liquid form, and hence, it is cheaper. Ethanol, butane, isopropyl, or hexane alcohol are used as a liquid solvent. However, there is a slight disadvantage of using this method. Some of these solvents may bring impurities inside the oil. Moreover, there might be residues of chlorophyll in the oil. As a result, the final product might be bitter and have a greenish tinge to it.
Benefits of CBD
There are several benefits of CBD oil as it is used to treat different kinds of physical and mental ailments. In 2019, a study was published in The Permanente Journal. The results indicated that 66.7 % of the participants, who had sleep-related problems, reported a positive change in their sleeping patterns after using CBD oil for a month. Let’s look at some of the conditions where CBD oil might be beneficial:
Epilepsy is a neural disorder where the is a disturbance in nerve cell activity. It can cause seizures along with fatigue, anxiety, amnesia, etc.
In 2018, the FDA approved the use of CBD oil ‘Epidiolex’ for treating a managing Epilepsy. Till now, it is the only CBD based product that is supported by the authorities. But how does it work?
Epidiolex treats three conditions or forms of epilepsy in people who are above two years of age:
A 3-month long study was conducted. The 23 participants were children and young adults ( 3- 26 years) and had treatment-resistant epilepsy. The participants who received a 98% purified CBD oil reported fewer seizures than those who didn’t. Although there is still on-going research to understand the benefits of using CBD oil to manage epilepsy, there have been many positive results. According to the American Epilepsy Society, CBD oil provides hope for epilepsy patients to live everyday life.
But how does CBD oil help with seizures? Seizures are nothing but an electrical activity that takes place at an inappropriate time. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology notes that CBD oil helps to decrease seizures in children as well. However, only CBD oil is known to show such benefits and no other CBD product. A research study in Epilepsia reports that other cannabis products of the plant lack the chemical properties needed to reduce seizures.
However, there might be a few side-effects as well. Some of the epilepsy patients reported drowsiness, diarrhea, changes in weight and appetite. However, these side effects are extremely mild.
CBD for pain relief is often used by people who have cancer, arthritis, or such medical conditions, leading to inflammation, pain, and overall discomfort. There has been ample research on CBD oil for pain management, and most of it is quite promising. But how does it work to mask the pain?
Along with the central and peripheral nervous system, another kind of system is present for cell signaling. It is the Endocannabinoid System (or ECS). There are endocannabinoid receptors that are present in your brain as well as your immune system. Research suggests that some of the elements of CBD oil can interact with these receptors. These receptors are nothing but little proteins attached to your body’s cells. These receptors are capable of getting signals from different kinds of stimuli and display various types of responses. Due to this interaction, the response leads to pain-relieving as well as anti-inflammatory effects. Hence, CBD oil helps patients who have to deal with chronic pain.
Even though it is a good candidate to manage pain, the FDA has only approved CBD for treating epilepsy. The authorities are yet to approve it for pain management. According to a review, CBD oil may have pain-alleviating properties, but it is condition-specific. But research suggests that it can help with arthritis pain, pain caused by cancer, neuropathic pain, Multiple Sclerosis, migraines, and chronic pain.
CBD for Depression and Anxiety
CBD for depression is a commonly discussed topic in the research world. Researchers suggest that CBD may affect your brain’s serotonin receptors, which might help you deal with depression. The biological cause of depression is low serotonin levels. CBD cannot increase serotonin levels. However, it can change how your brain’s receptors interact with the existing serotonin in your body.
According to 2018 research, CBD oil might also be useful in treating depression. It has anti-stress effects. Depression patients use it. While most of the anti-depressant medications might take several weeks to start working, it takes a lesser amount of time for CBD. In a 2019 research on animals, CBD showed fast anti-depressant like effects. Moreover, it has shown a lesser amount of side effects than many anti-depressant medications.
Similarly, CBD benefits people who suffer from anxiety issues as well. Research by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) suggested that CBD is beneficial to manage GAD (Generalised Anxiety Disorder) and has been shown to reduce anxiety in laboratory rats. The study also indicated that it works on both physiological as well as behavioral symptoms of stress.
CBD has also proven effective against other anxiety disorders such as PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder) and Social Anxiety Disorder. It is effective on insomnia caused due to anxiety issues. It has been reported in several kinds of research that CBD might help people with PTSD with nightmares and blocking traumatic memories. The study has been conducted to check CBD as a supplement and a standalone treatment for anxiety and depression. Because of the many benefits of neurological manner, CBD can also be effective for sleep disorders. That is why specific sleep products with CBD are being developed.
CBD for Skin
If you are dealing with skin-related issues, CBD oil can act as a blessing. It is beneficial to treat skin conditions such as acne, dryness, itching, infection, and wrinkles.
CBD oil has anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory as well as oil reducing effects. Acne is due to excessive amounts of sebum. A study has indicated that CBD oil works on sebocytes to minimize the amount of sebum produced. CBD works on dryness and itching caused due to eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis. It can soothe your sensitive skin and visibly improve your skin’s appearance. It helps with aging-related issues. Aging is due to the oxidative process, and CBD has several anti-oxidant properties that can reduce wrinkles. CBD oil has anti-microbial properties as well. It can be used to treat any bacterial skin infection.
Side Effects of CBD Oil
While CBD oil has a lot of benefits, it can cause a few side effects as well. People who use CBD oil has reported:
- Dry mouth
- Changes in mood and appetite
- Increase in liver enzymes
Pregnant women should not use CBD oil as it can affect the development of the baby. However, the side effects are often extremely mild.
CBD vs. THC
There are some key differences between CBD and THC. While both are found in a cannabis plant, here is what makes them different:
Both CBD, as well as THC, have a similar molecular structure. They both have two oxygen atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 21 carbon atoms. However, there is a difference in the arrangement of atoms, which accounts for the different effects these two compounds have on your body.
THC is a psycho-addictive compound. But CBD does not make you high. THC binds to the cannabinoid -1 receptors on your brain and cause a sense of euphoria. However, CBD cannot bind to these receptors.
CBD and THC both produce side-effects. However, the latter produces more severe side effects.
CBD oil has a ton of benefits that are being explored. From cancer to depression, you can get a lot of help from using CBD oil. It doesn’t induce a high but increases your quality of life. However, there has to be ample research to determine the safety and efficacy of CBD oil. If the research continues to show CBD oil in a positive light, it might get legalized for treating an array of medical conditions.