There is a lot that is unknown to the laymen about CBD. People have a common misconception about CBD. They feel that it is used for only recreational purposes. However, people are starting to become more aware and understand the other benefits of using CBD. Similarly, people get confused when asked about ‘CBD isolate vs full spectrum.’ There are several CBD products in the market where you can find either ‘CBD isolate’ or ‘full spectrum CBD’ written on the packaging. The former is CBD in its purest form and is free of any other ingredients. The latter contains all other kinds of natural chemicals that are present in a cannabis plant. These ingredients can be anything – from terpenes to other cannabinoids. But how are they different from each other? Read on to know more about it.
The Spectrums of CBD
Unlike the general idea, there are different kinds of CBD. But before you get to know more about it, let’s look at what CBD is. It stands for Cannabidiol. CBD is a chemical compound. It is present in all cannabis plants. Unlike THC, it is not psychoactive. In simple words, that means that CBD alone cannot get you high. However, there are several therapeutic effects of it. An ample amount of research is being conducted on it. It is used to treat medical conditions such as anxiety, depression, epilepsy, etc. The Cannabis Sativa plant has two variants – marijuana and hemp. The latter contains more amount of CBD as compared to the former. CBD can be divided into different kinds. This distinction is made based on how the CBD extract has been processed. Different types have different types of effects on individuals. The main three types are:
In scientific terms, an ‘isolate’ is referred to as the ‘purest form’ of any compound. Similarly, CBD isolate is pure CBD and is devoid of any other chemical. Manufacturers need to extract it from their environment carefully. You can get it from the Hemp plant as it has high CBD and low THC. You can get it in crystalline form. According to the rules, a CBD isolate can only have 0.3% THC. This ensures that it cannot make you high but can appear on any drug test.
CBD isolate cannot attach itself to receptors directly. But it can influence it in various ways. Research has indicated that it is immune-modulating, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorigenic, anti-emetic, analgesic, anticonvulsant, and anti-anxiety. It can also influence serotonin receptors and has a massive effect on your mood. 2019 showed results were out of 72 participants (who had sleep or anxiety issues), 67% reported lesser sleep issues, and 79% reported a lesser amount of anxiety experienced. (medicalnewstoday.com) However, the debate for ‘CBD isolate vs full spectrum’ that the former is mainly used to treat inflammation and pain. Full-spectrum CBD oil might have a better range of effects. However, CBD isolate is a good choice for those who want to avoid THC at all costs.
Full Spectrum CBD
The answer to the questions ‘what is full-spectrum CBD’ and ‘how is it different from CBD isolate straightforward. Full-spectrum CBD, unlike CBD isolate, contains extracts of the cannabis plant that occur naturally. This means that it even contains small amounts of THC. Moreover, it also contains essential oils, terpenes, essential oils, and flavonoids. (Verywellhealth.com) The term ‘full-spectrum CBD’ stands for the entire range of chemicals found in a cannabis plant. Hence, it means that the full spectrum of terpene and cannabinoid profiles from the source plants are present in one. A solvent is used to extract all the essential particles from the plant’s leaves and flowers. The commonly used solvents are carbon dioxide, butane, propane, and MCT oil. Manufacturers used the classic BHO method. It removed fats and lipids from the full spectrum CBD. There are mainly two kinds of full-spectrum CBD:
• High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract
• High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract
High when you talk about CBD isolate vs full spectrum, you need to know that the latter is responsible for the entourage effect. It helps to treat a wide range of medical conditions. All the elements in full-spectrum CBD contain beneficial properties such as fatty acids, protein, fiber, and vitamins. (thestreet.com) Full-spectrum CBD oil treats depression, anxiety manages pain levels, and much more.
Broad-spectrum CBD is the perfect blend between Full Spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. It contains cannabinoids as well as terpene profiles. Manufacturers remove THC from Broad Spectrum CBD. Hence, it is more potent than CBD isolate and devoid of THC as well. The therapeutic effects of broad-spectrum CBD are innumerable. Ideally, it should be THC-free, but some products might have traces of it. You can either add beneficial elements to CBD isolate or use Chromatography. It provides you with a broader range of therapeutic effects than that of CBD isolate. Broad Spectrum CBD has entourage effects and yet, is not psychoactive. However, there are some drawbacks to using broad-spectrum CBD. There isn’t enough research to back up the claims of using broad-spectrum CBD. Moreover, manufacturers often do not label the products carefully and use the term ‘broad spectrum CBD’ casually.
CBD Isolate vs Full Spectrum
When you talk about CBD isolate vs full spectrum, there are some key differences between the two. The cannabis plant gives both products. But the factors that make them different are
1. CBD isolates go through fine refining, and hence, they only contain pure CBD. Full-spectrum CBD, on the other hand, always includes a wide range of elements. It can contain THC, terpenes as well as flavonoids. As a result, there is a distinctive taste and smell in full-spectrum CBD. This feature is absent in CBD isolate.
2. When the CBD isolate vs full spectrum CBD conflict pops up, it can be said that the latter has more health benefits than the former. Research has made sure that it has more potential to treat a broader range of disorders. CBD and other kinds of cannabinoids have therapeutic effects due to their reaction with the endocannabinoid. There are a series of cannabinoid receptors present all over your body. Cannabinoids interact with such receptors as they are similar to the ones produced in your body. Since the number of cannabinoids is less in CBD isolate, it has less potential to treat various disorders. A recent study has indicated that the therapeutic effects of full-spectrum CBD are superior to that of CBD isolate in inflammatory conditions. The former contains terpenes that have shown a substantial potential to produce a positive impact on a human.
3. When it comes to the CBD isolate vs full spectrum domain, the former is more expensive. CBD isolate requires a high amount of Cannabis. Moreover, it also has to go through a lot of refinement. All these factors contribute to making it a more expensive buy.
Why is the Entourage Effect Important?
A cannabis plant contains around 120 phytocannabinoids. Apart from these cannabinoids, you can also find fatty acids, terpenes, and flavonoids in them. These elements interact with your Endocannabinoid system, and as a result, it helps to treat a lot of issues. Research has suggested that taking a mixture of cannabinoids is more beneficial than taking just THC and CBD. (healthline.com) This is the ‘Entourage Effect.’ It can help you deal with many medical issues such as nausea, pain, depression, inflammation, etc. (cbdliving.com) Full spectrum CBD shows entourage effects more than CBD isolate. Hence, in the CBD isolate vs full spectrum argument, the latter will provide you with many different health benefits. Scientists theorized it in the year 1998. Two scientists were responsible for introducing this effect – Dr. Raphael Mechoulam and Dr. ShimonBen-Shabat. They explained that a few cannabinoids work better in the presence of fatty acids. The four mechanisms of the Entourage effect, as devised by Ulrich-Merzinch and H.Wagner:
1. Ability to target multiple body areas
2. Improving the absorption rate of these elements
3. Power to overcome the bacterial mechanism
4. Power to minimize harmful side effects
You have to focus on your own needs before you can decide the winner of the debate – ‘CBD isolates full spectrum.’ If you want pure CBD, then CBD isolate is the right choice for you. It is for those who wish for a tasteless and odorless product.CBD isolate the ideal choice for new users. Several studies suggest that CBD isolate works only with a particular dosage.
Moreover, you can avoid THC when you buy CBD isolate. However, if you want a less refined and cheaper alternative, then you can select full-spectrum CBD. You will be able to get a more earthy taste and benefit from the entourage effect. The therapeutic effects of full-spectrum CBD increase with an increase in dose. There hasn’t been enough research on broad-spectrum CBD, and hence, you should contact your healthcare provider before taking it.