Day: February 12, 2021

CBD Extraction Method

CBD Extraction Methods Guide for New Enthusiasts

Cannabidiol is the full form of CBD & it is the key component of industrial cannabis. It is extracted from a plant, called female cannabis. Cannabidiol is non-psychoactive, & it has a pharmacological impact like anti-inflammatory, anti-caries, & anti-anxiety. CBD can also remove the hallucinogenic effects of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) on the human body. But in order to use it in products, manufacturers extract CBD and put it in products. So, here are popular CBD extraction methods for you to learn about.

CBD Extraction Methods

In order to prepare highly-effective & beneficial products, the cannabidiol needs to be extracted first. Maintaining the purity & quality of the main ingredient is necessary to create a premium product of CBD. But the question arises of how to extract CBD. There are various CBD extraction methods, some of which are as follows.

CO2 Method

CO2 extraction utilizes supercritical carbon dioxide to separate the oil of CBD from the plant material. Here, “supercritical” refers to the CO2 containing properties of both a gas & liquid state. This is the reason; it is referred to as SFE (supercritical fluid Extraction). During the extraction of CO2, a series of pressurized pumps & chambers are utilized to expose CO2 to very low temperature & high pressure, resulting in an extracted oil that contains a huge amount of CBD.

1) At the primary stage of extraction, one chamber will hold the pressurized CO2 & the other pressurized chamber will hold the hemp plant.

2) The CO2 is then pumped from the 1st chamber to the 2nd. By the presence of supercritical CO2, hemp breaks down in the chamber which caused the oil to separate from the plant material.

3) CO2 & oil are pumped together in the 3rd chamber finally. When the gas evaporates, it leaves an extract of pure oil of CBD.

Solvent Extraction Method

The solvent extraction process follows the same method of steam distillation. The major difference is that it utilizes a solvent rather than water to separate the oil of CBD from the plant material. This generates a resulting mixture of the oil with the solvent. The solvent then starts evaporating & leaves behind the pure oil of CBD. The process of solvent extraction utilizes either natural solvents or hydrocarbons.

The method of solvent extraction is more effective than steam distillation, & it is also cheap as compared to steam distillation. However, the residue of solvent may be toxic & can maximize the risk of cancer if they are not fully removed during the step of evaporation. To avoid such risks, the process of solvent extraction can utilize natural solvents instead of ethanol or olive oil. These solvents eliminate the risks of toxic residue.

A natural solvent is not complete without its downside. When natural solvents such as ethanol are utilized chlorophyll is also extracted & this adds the resulting oil a nasty taste.

Olive Oil Extraction Method

The 1st step for the method of olive oil extraction is decarboxylation, which is the activation of the plant material compounds with the help of heat. Trimmed flower of hemp is heated in an oven between 115 degrees to 135 degrees Celsius for an hour. After this step, the resulting activated cannabis is combined with olive oil & heated at low temperature for 2 hours. The last thing which needs to be done is using a filter to strain the mixture & separate the oil of CBD from the plant material. This results in CBD infusing olive oil. While this is the least risky & easiest way to extract oil of CBD but not the most efficient one.

Steam Distillation

In the process of steam distillation, steam causes the oil of CBD to separate from the hemp plant. The hemp plant is kept in a glass flask, with an inlet & an outlet. The inlet is linked with another glass container, underneath the flask of the plant that contains water for boiling & the outlet connects to a tube of the condenser.

1) The steam moves upwards into the flask of the plant, as the water heats up & separate the vapors of oil that contains cannabidiol.

2) Then, these vapors are captured in a tube that condenses them into water & oil.

3) Once it is collected, the mixture of water & oil is distilled to extract the oil of CBD from the water.

The method of steam distillation is tried & true. It has been utilized to extract necessary oil for centuries, but it is less preferred as compared to CO2 extraction due to its inadequacy. Steam distillation needs a huge amount of hemp plant, & it is more difficult to extract accurate amounts of concentration of CBD using this process.

Which Extraction Method of CBD is the Best?

For the CBD extraction process, the CO2 method is the best. This CBD extraction method is extremely efficient & safe at producing high concentrations of CBD in the resulting oil. According to analysis, by CO2 extraction 92% of oil is produced. This is why it is the preferred technique for making products of CBD though it needs specialized machinery. The CO2 extraction method is broadly used to generate various other products like decaffeinating tea or coffee, or extracting necessary oils for use in perfumes.

CBD Oil Concentrates

An upright quality of oil concentrate would come from natural botanical extracts that are sourced right from the stalk & the seed of the hemp like a flower named IHF LLC Hemp. As it is a concentrated form, CBD in this form carries high potency with an extremely huge percentage of pure cannabidiol. It may be 99% pure cannabidiol. These are utilized for the fast absorption of CBD. For consumption, you may have to place it below the tongue for about 90 seconds by the mucous membranes for direct absorption. You can even swallow the concentrate of cannabidiol. This is another method of delivery that travels your bloodstream by the digestive tract. It will all depend on the product & the brand.

CBD Isolates

Cannabidiol, in an isolated form, carries no measurable levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) or any other thick plant material. It has no taste or smell. Basically, an isolate is a crystallized form of CBD. You may add it to different products & isolates of CBD offers farfetched versatility. You can either put it directly beneath your tongue or can add it to your vaporizer. It also works as a constituent for making THC-free edibles like smoothies, cookies, brownies, & many more.

CBD Capsules

The beauty of these CBD capsules is that they come pre-packed & pre-measured, thus eliminating the fuss of having to measure the dosage for you. These capsules are easy to consume & you do not have to take tension about creating a mess while taking them. You just require water or some type of beverage to wash them down. You do not require to refrigerate & it is easy to carry them. These are some winning highlights of CBD capsules. These capsules are created from full-spectrum hemp oil.

CBD Edibles

The best part of CBD edibles is that you can get your dosage daily without enduring the unappealing taste of CBD. Edibles are an effective way of consuming CBD. You can mask it with the flavors of smoothies, brownies, gummies, cookies, & many more. CBD-laced products are becoming famous in the health arena & wellness as they constitute a discreet & tasty method of consumption.

CBD Liquids & Tinctures

Tinctures & liquids utilize either full-spectrum CBD oil or CBD oil mixed with some other medium like MCT oil, ethanol, or vegetable glycerin. The most particular way to administer CBD liquids & tinctures is by dropping them beneath the tongue with the help of a dropper. To make them acceptable, firms often combine them with sweeteners r natural flavors. You can even combine them with smoothies or even mixed them into your yogurt, ice cream, oatmeal, & many more.

CBD Vape Oil

Vaping/smoking is a different way to get CBD into your system & you will need access to CBD vape oil for that. Vaping delivers cannabidiol into your system through direct absorption by the lungs & then by the stream of blood. You will require a vaporizer & must have a working knowledge of how to utilize this equipment to smoke/vape oil of CBD.

Benefits of CBD in Brief

There are various CBD benefits, some of which are:

• It can relieve pain.

• It can minimize depression & anxiety.

• It can alleviate symptoms of cancer.

• It can reduce Acne.

• It has neuroprotective properties.

• It can benefit the health of the heart.

• It helps in preventing diabetes.

Final Thoughts

In a nutshell, CBD has been gaining popularity because of its several health benefits. One of the key points about CBD is that it has zero side effects. This powerful & unique compound is very resourceful. CBD is legal in the US but in the rest of the globe, the legal status of CBD is still a contentious problem despite the fact that it does not contains intoxicating impacts of THC (tetrahydrocannabidiol) & the entire cannabis.

CBD oil benefits list image

A CBD Oil Benefits List for Beginners

Have you heard about CBD oil? Cannabis Plant is the source of CBD oil. While it is legal in some US states, it has many benefits for which it has gained popularity across the US. Marijuana contains two significant components CBD and THC. Here lies the answer for those of you who might be wondering whether CBD oil is addictive or not. While THC might make a person ‘high’, that is not the case with CBD. When someone smokes marijuana or uses it in edibles, the THC breaks down on heat application and creates a psychological effect. The latter is not at all psycho-addictive. CBD does not alter the state of mind as THC does. However, it can produce suitable changes in your body. To meet the FDA legal criteria, Hemp plants that contain only 0.3% THC should only be used to make CBD oil or any other CBD products. Now that you know that CBD oil is not addictive, here is a CBD Oil Benefits List that you can look into. How it is made, is what we will look at first.

How is CBD Oil Made?

There are a lot of procedures present to extract CBD oil from a cannabis plant. These methods are:

Using Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

This is one of the most popular methods to extract CBD oil from a hemp plant. You will need to use CO2 along with a closed-loop extractor to move ahead. CO2 has a unique chemical property that allows it to function in all three states solid, gaseous, and liquid states. Thus in the second chamber, where cannabis matter is present, is filled with a solid form of carbon dioxide.  The chamber is set at high pressure, and therefore, it converts into a liquid state. This is essential as it helps the CO2 absorb all the properties ( i.e., oil and flavor) of the cannabis material. The next step is to move to a third chamber, where the carbon dioxide changes from a liquid to a gaseous state. Thus, it leaves behind the oil during this process, and that is the CBD oil that you need.

Using Winterisation

If you want to get high-quality CBD oil, Winterisation is the ideal process to do so. It helps you to remove all kinds of unwanted elements from the CBD oil. Prepare a mixture of the oil and 200-proof alcohol. The mixture is kept for freezing for a night. The next morning, it passes through a fine filter where all the unwanted elements are removed. The oil is boiled the filtering process is completed. It will help the alcohol to evaporate, and you will be left with pure CBD oil.

Using Oil Infusion

One of the oldest procedures to extract CBD oil, oil infusion, is still used by many people at home. The first step is to decarboxylate the cannabis material. This means that you need to heat the plant to a specific temperature. It will help you to activate certain kinds of compounds. You then add olive oil to the material and start heating it again. Make sure that you heat it for 1- 2 hours at 100 degrees Celsius. However, there is a vast disadvantage in using this procedure. Since one cannot get the oil evaporated, there would be a lot more oil in the final product.

Using Liquid Solvents

It is one of the cheapest methods to extract CBD oil. It is similar to the Carbon Dioxide extraction process. But, instead of liquid CO2, other kinds of liquid solvents are used. Unlike carbon dioxide, these solvents are found mostly in a liquid form, and hence, it is cheaper. Ethanol, butane, isopropyl, or hexane alcohol are used as a liquid solvent. However, there is a slight disadvantage of using this method. Some of these solvents may bring impurities inside the oil. Moreover, there might be residues of chlorophyll in the oil. As a result, the final product might be bitter and have a greenish tinge to it.

Benefits of CBD

There are several benefits of CBD oil as it is used to treat different kinds of physical and mental ailments. In 2019, a study was published in The Permanente Journal. The results indicated that 66.7 % of the participants, who had sleep-related problems, reported a positive change in their sleeping patterns after using CBD oil for a month. Let’s look at some of the conditions where CBD oil might be beneficial:

Managing Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neural disorder where the is a disturbance in nerve cell activity. It can cause seizures along with fatigue, anxiety, amnesia, etc.

In 2018, the FDA approved the use of CBD oil ‘Epidiolex’ for treating a managing Epilepsy. Till now, it is the only CBD based product that is supported by the authorities. But how does it work?

Epidiolex treats three conditions or forms of epilepsy in people who are above two years of age:

A 3-month long study was conducted.   The 23 participants were children and young adults ( 3- 26 years) and had treatment-resistant epilepsy.  The participants who received a 98% purified CBD oil reported fewer seizures than those who didn’t. Although there is still on-going research to understand the benefits of using CBD oil to manage epilepsy, there have been many positive results. According to the American Epilepsy Society, CBD oil provides hope for epilepsy patients to live everyday life.

But how does CBD oil help with seizures? Seizures are nothing but an electrical activity that takes place at an inappropriate time. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology notes that CBD oil helps to decrease seizures in children as well. However, only CBD oil is known to show such benefits and no other CBD product. A research study in Epilepsia reports that other cannabis products of the plant lack the chemical properties needed to reduce seizures.

However, there might be a few side-effects as well. Some of the epilepsy patients reported drowsiness, diarrhea, changes in weight and appetite. However, these side effects are extremely mild.

Pain Management

CBD for pain relief is often used by people who have cancer, arthritis, or such medical conditions, leading to inflammation, pain, and overall discomfort.  There has been ample research on CBD oil for pain management, and most of it is quite promising. But how does it work to mask the pain?

Along with the central and peripheral nervous system, another kind of system is present for cell signaling. It is the Endocannabinoid System (or ECS). There are endocannabinoid receptors that are present in your brain as well as your immune system. Research suggests that some of the elements of CBD oil can interact with these receptors.  These receptors are nothing but little proteins attached to your body’s cells. These receptors are capable of getting signals from different kinds of stimuli and display various types of responses. Due to this interaction, the response leads to pain-relieving as well as anti-inflammatory effects. Hence, CBD oil helps patients who have to deal with chronic pain.

Even though it is a good candidate to manage pain, the FDA has only approved CBD for treating epilepsy. The authorities are yet to approve it for pain management. According to a review, CBD oil may have pain-alleviating properties, but it is condition-specific. But research suggests that it can help with arthritis pain, pain caused by cancer, neuropathic pain, Multiple Sclerosis, migraines, and chronic pain.

CBD for Depression and Anxiety

CBD for depression is a commonly discussed topic in the research world.  Researchers suggest that CBD may affect your brain’s serotonin receptors, which might help you deal with depression. The biological cause of depression is low serotonin levels. CBD cannot increase serotonin levels. However, it can change how your brain’s receptors interact with the existing serotonin in your body.

According to 2018 research, CBD oil might also be useful in treating depression. It has anti-stress effects. Depression patients use it. While most of the anti-depressant medications might take several weeks to start working, it takes a lesser amount of time for CBD. In a 2019 research on animals,  CBD showed fast anti-depressant like effects. Moreover, it has shown a lesser amount of side effects than many anti-depressant medications.

Similarly, CBD benefits people who suffer from anxiety issues as well. Research by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) suggested that CBD is beneficial to manage GAD (Generalised Anxiety Disorder) and has been shown to reduce anxiety in laboratory rats. The study also indicated that it works on both physiological as well as behavioral symptoms of stress.

CBD has also proven effective against other anxiety disorders such as PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder) and Social Anxiety Disorder. It is effective on insomnia caused due to anxiety issues. It has been reported in several kinds of research that CBD might help people with PTSD with nightmares and blocking traumatic memories. The study has been conducted to check CBD as a supplement and a standalone treatment for anxiety and depression. Because of the many benefits of neurological manner, CBD can also be effective for sleep disorders. That is why specific sleep products with CBD are being developed.

CBD for Skin

If you are dealing with skin-related issues, CBD oil can act as a blessing. It is beneficial to treat skin conditions such as acne, dryness, itching, infection, and wrinkles.

CBD oil has anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory as well as oil reducing effects. Acne is due to excessive amounts of sebum. A study has indicated that CBD oil works on sebocytes to minimize the amount of sebum produced. CBD works on dryness and itching caused due to eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis. It can soothe your sensitive skin and visibly improve your skin’s appearance. It helps with aging-related issues. Aging is due to the oxidative process, and CBD has several anti-oxidant properties that can reduce wrinkles.  CBD oil has anti-microbial properties as well. It can be used to treat any bacterial skin infection.

Side Effects of CBD Oil

While CBD oil has a lot of benefits, it can cause a few side effects as well. People who use CBD oil has reported:

  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Changes in mood and appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Increase in liver enzymes

Pregnant women should not use CBD oil as it can affect the development of the baby. However, the side effects are often extremely mild.

CBD vs. THC

There are some key differences between CBD and THC. While both are found in a cannabis plant, here is what makes them different:

Both CBD, as well as THC, have a similar molecular structure. They both have two oxygen atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 21 carbon atoms. However, there is a difference in the arrangement of atoms, which accounts for the different effects these two compounds have on your body.

THC is a psycho-addictive compound. But CBD does not make you high. THC binds to the cannabinoid -1 receptors on your brain and cause a sense of euphoria. However, CBD cannot bind to these receptors.

CBD and THC both produce side-effects. However, the latter produces more severe side effects.

Final Thoughts

CBD oil has a ton of benefits that are being explored. From cancer to depression, you can get a lot of help from using CBD oil. It doesn’t induce a high but increases your quality of life. However, there has to be ample research to determine the safety and efficacy of CBD oil. If the research continues to show CBD oil in a positive light, it might get legalized for treating an array of medical conditions.

CBD

CBD 101 Overview: A Beginner’s Digest into Cannabidiol

CBD is a short name for cannabidiol. It is a naturally growing compound present in the flowers, stem, leaves of hemp & cannabis plants. CBD can be blended into lotions, & creams or suspended in tinctures of liquid. It can be generated as liquids intended or solid crumbles to be consumed by vaping or smoking. CBD was discovered by the American chemist, Roger Adams, in the year 1942. After years of research and application and in the advent of the 2018 farm bill, the interest in CBD and CBD products has spiked exponentially. So, here is a CBD 101 crash course to know about the uber-popular compound.

What is CBD & How it Relates to Marijuana?

CBD is a powerful compound of plant that is naturally occurred in cannabis. CBD is not psychoactive & doesn’t contain any intoxicating impact on the body. This proves that people can utilize these cannabidiol products easily in their daily life & also in different situations. For instance, while working, driving, exercising, or while looking after children.

How CBD Work

The Endocannabinoid System

The molecules of CBD interact with our internal system of endocannabinoid so that it can trigger a different physiological response when it is inhaled. As the human body consists of a whole network of natural receptors that are made to interact with the compounds of cannabinoid. Recently, scientists found the existence of the endocannabinoid system of humans. A well-functioning endocannabinoid system supports the human body to maintain the homeostatic balance to the immune system, nervous system, & also many other organs. Serious issues may arise when the endocannabinoid system is out of whack.

CB1 & CB2 receptors

CB1 & CB2 are the 2 receptors that made the endocannabinoid system. They are made to accept the molecules of cannabinoids just like a key & lock. When this connection takes place, they influence one or more processes of the body like those connected to mood, pain, appetite, metabolism, sleep, sensation, & many more. These receptors respond to both the internal compound of endocannabinoid & the phytocannabinoids such as CBD.

CBD vs Marijuana

CBD is the 2nd supreme prevalent of the active components of marijuana (cannabis). As CBD is a necessary ingredient of medical marijuana, it is directly derived from the plant called hemp. The hemp plant is a cousin of the plant, marijuana. According to the report of WHO (World Health Organization), cannabidiol doesn’t induce any dependency or abuse-related effects in the human body. There is no proof or evidence related to the problems of public health while consuming this pure CBD.

Benefits of CBD

According to Brightfield’s survey of approximately 5000 people, more than 60% of users of CBD consuming this for anxiety. The industry of CBD is blossoming & projected to hit 16 billion dollars in the US by the year 2025. The CBD plant is already being used in toothpicks, breath sprays, & cheeseburgers. Cannabis is a magical plant on the whole as emerging research shows significant & promising healing properties of CBD. Some of the benefits of CBD which has been reported to support a broad array of mental & physical health problems are many of the worrying chronic problems in the world.

Conditions that CBD cures

• Anxiety, PTSD, stress, depression, ADHD, & other disorders of mood: Cannabinoid helps to stabilize & boost the entire mood of humans by developing a response of serotonin in the brain. Using CBD oils for anxiety management

• CBD has shown many benefits for managing pain. Using products including CBD for Pain has become a proper way to manage pain and Inflammation.

• Restlessness, insomnia, & other sleeping disorders: CBD products can helps the human to fall asleep fast, & also to sleep more soundly throughout the night. Though, it is a mistaken belief that it is a sedative. CBD can support human to maximize alertness & focus in the day time.

• Epilepsy & seizures: Among the 113 cannabinoids, CBD has been deemed an effective treatment for curbing the seizures related to the disease. It also has been used in an FDA-approved medicine to manage epileptic conditions.

• Tightness or muscle spasms: cannabinoid can treat discomfort related to menstrual cramps, endometriosis, & also in teeth grinding.

CBD oil contains an inert carrier oil mixed with CBD like hemp seed oil or coconut oil. The bottled oil which is known as tincture has been sold in numerous concentrations. There are various CBD capsules, CBD sprays, & CBD gummies. CBD oil can help in treating a broad category of health-related issues which include:

• Anorexia

• Chronic pain

• Glaucoma

• High blood pressure

• Parkinson’s disease

• Acne

• Depression

Different CBD Products

CBD products are becoming famous in this modern era. As researchers understand the possible benefits of products of CBD, more manufactures are infusing their products with a cannabinoid. Although, it is essential to utilize safe & high-quality CBD-infused products. Some of the top products of CBD are:

• Oils and Tinctures: It is typically an extract of different types of herbs and plant material that is dissolved in ethyl alcohol. The concentration of solvent is 25-60% in the tinctures. It is easy to take you just have to drop some drops of the tinctures on or under your tongue. Dosage can range from 100mg -1000mg on the daily basis.

• Capsules: CBD capsules are easy to take than tinctures and use can easily add CBD to your diet as a daily supplement. It offers typically 10-25mg of CBD. It is the most common type of CBD product. Capsules are great as it is the easiest way to take in your daily dose. You have to just one capsule or as recommended by a doctor.

• Concentrates: It is a concentrated form of CBD. It contains the highest dose of CBD as compared to the other CBD products. It contains ten times more than the normal CBD products. It is similar to the tinctures to take but the dose of CBD is high. To take the Concentrated CBD you just take the drop of it under or on the tongue and ingest it slowly.

• CBD Edibles like CBD gummies are also being developed to manage similar issues. For instance, using CBD for pets has been a popular use case for edibles with CBD in them.

• Topicals: CBD topicals are used to help with inflammation, cancer treatment, chronic pain, acne, anti-aging, and many more. Many brands are adding CBD onto topicals, such as lip balms, lotions, and salves for skin benefits. To know about the topical products, search on the product that uses encapsulation, nanotechnology, or micellization of CBD. Use the CBD topical products when you deem necessary or when you have some skin conditions or problems.

• Sprays: In the CBD sprays the concentration of CBD is low as compared to the other CBD products. The concentration of the CBD in the sprays range from 1-3mg. To take the CBD you have to spray the droplets of CBD spray into your mouth. Take the sprays as mention by the doctor.

• Vapes: It is the least effective when it takes vaporizing CBD vape oil or smoking as compared to the other method of using CBD, such as sprays, tinctures, and capsules.

CBD vs THC

Both CBD &THC are compounds of nature, & imitative from the same plant i.e., Cannabis Sativa. Here are some of the points of CBD vs THC;
CBD (cannabidiol) & THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) are the 2 noticeable cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant. Both hemp & cannabis generate CBD & THC.

THC & CBD have similar chemical makeup, 30 hydrogen atoms, 21 carbon atoms, & 2 oxygen atoms. The major dissimilarity is that they do not have a similar chemical arrangement. The body obtains them as different compounds. Both these compounds bind to neurotransmitters in the human brain & affect things such as pain, memory, mood, & sleep.

The THC compound is the one that is known for the huge sensation human can get, a psychoactive response. It is though illegal in various states. Alternatively, CBD is termed as a non-psychoactive component. Products with CBD (cannabidiol) may contain a trace of THC up to 0.3% & it will not result in any psychoactive responses.

Both the compounds CBD & THC communicate with the human body’s endocannabinoid system. The Endocannabinoid system is the vital physiological system that is involved in maintaining & establishing the health of humans. It plays a key role in regulating various processes & functions which comprise mood, memory, sleep, fertility, & reproduction. They both have different properties with different medicinal advantages though, they both communicate with the system of ECS.

CBD has occasional and circumstantial side effects. If somehow side effects occurred, it may be due to interacting with another drug that is consumed by a person at the same time. On the other hand, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) may have some known side effects like coordination problems, increased heart rate, red eyes, memory loss, & dry mouth.

Final Thoughts

In a nutshell, CBD is a fascinating, evolving, & complex compound to explore. It is a natural plant that claims promising advantages for a broad array of mental & physical health ailments by aiding the human body to maintain necessary homeostasis. Ingesting cannabinoids as oils or edibles brings benefits to the full human body with fewer risks and more benefits as detailed above.

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